Tag: 19th century

The details: “Quoth the raven”

"Open here I flung the shutter"

“Open here I flung the shutter”

Here is a delightful intersection of poetry and art: Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Raven,” illustrated by Gustav Doré. Twenty-odd etchings illustrate the 18-stanza poem.

I learned about Doré’s illustrations of “The Raven” about a year ago, at an exhibit of illustrations of the works of Edgar Allan Poe at the Brandywine River Museum. Even though I’m not the biggest Poe fan, it was a fascinating collection. The artwork brought out the real creepiness of Poe’s stories. (And then there were the steampunk Poe illustrations…somehow fitting.)

The illustration accompanies this stanza:

Open here I flung the shutter, when, with many a flirt and flutter,
In there stepped a stately Raven of the saintly days of yore.

I like how the spectral bodies could almost be part of the building architecture. The figure in the bottom-left corner, with the slightly open mouth, has this look of melancholy regret—she almost looks with longing at the narrator in the window.

The image has very much the quality of an etching. I also found the below image, which looks more like a sketch or drawing. I know just about nothing regarding the provenance of artwork, so I haven’t a clue if this is a drawing from which the etch was made or what. It brings a slightly different emphasis to some of the features of the illustration.


Source: Wikimedia Commons.

Edmund C. Stedman, in his “Comment on the Poem,” notes that “The Raven” illustrations were Doré’s last works. Stedman offers this assessment:

As a “literary artist,” and such [Doré] was, his force was in direct ratio with the dramatic invention of his author, with the brave audacities of the spirit that kindled his own…He was a born master of the grotesque, and by a special insight could portray the spectres of a haunted brain.

The details: The virtues of crinolines

I enjoy browsing older periodicals—looking at the layout, the illustrations, the style of writing, and especially the advertisements. What are the selling tactics? How are capitalization and punctuation used? What about the accompanying images?

crinoline advertisement from Le Follet 1863

This crinoline advertisement, from an 1860s copy of the French fashion magazine Le Follet (this is the British edition), points to some essential undergarment features, given the fashion of the day: “The Sansflectum is particularly adapted for the sea-side, as they will not rust; the Gemma for the ball-room, on account of its wonderful flexibility.” (Click through to see a larger image.)

In other words, these crinolines offer form and function.

Fashion plate from Le Follet. Relax and enjoy the sea breeze, knowing that your crinoline will not rust. —SMR

Hubbell’s, the maker, notes that the crinolines are patented—such a detail lends at-a-glance credibility and/or authority, regardless of whether it’s deserved.

Then there’s the bold, all-caps guarantee: “THEY NEVER LOSE THEIR SHAPE.” Clearly an important characteristic of a quality crinoline. Does that make a Hubbell’s crinoline an investment purchase? Should I expect to pay a premium for this kind of quality?

Fashion plate from Le Follet. Enjoy freedom from fashion faux pas. Your crinoline was made with ballroom dancing in mind. —SMR

Then there’s the implied purpose of a crinoline: “By their peculiar make, a Dress is seen to much greater advantage than with the ordinary shape.” It’s all about showing off—and Hubbell’s crinolines are designed to do so particularly well.

Of course, at 2.5 to 3 yards round, “in accordance with the prevailing fashion,” I’m rather grateful that crinolines and such are no longer part of a woman’s wardrobe.

What about this ad stands out to you?